Add this behavior to support secure HTTP/3 connections between requesting clients and the Akamai edge.
HTTP/3 retains the HTTP/1.1 and HTTP/2 concepts, but it moves away from the traditional transmission control protocol (TCP) transport layer. Instead, HTTP/3 uses the IETF QUIC protocol that handles streams by itself. This supports improved performance and a faster connection setup.
HTTP/3 requires a secure (HTTPS) connection between the requesting client and the Akamai edge network. To get this you can:
- Create a Domain Validation (DV), Organization Validation (OV), or a third-party certificate and assign it to a property hostname.
- Use the Akamai shared certificate in a property hostname.
You need TLS 1.3 support
Your certificate needs to have transport layer security (TLS) 1.3 enabled in its deployment settings. If you create a new DV or OV certificate and use Standard or Enhanced TLS with Akamai's Certificate Provisioning System (CPS), or you use the Akamai Shared Certificate, this is automatically enabled.
To ensure TLS 1.3 is enabled in your certificate, you can take a look at it in CPS:
In Akamai Control Center, select ☰ > CDN > Certificates.
Locate the applicable certificate. In the Actions column, select … > View and Edit Certificate.
Return to the landing page.
If you’re limited on the number of certificates you can create, and this certificate isn’t active in a property hostname, select … > Delete to remove the certificate.
Click … > View and Edit Deployment settings for the certificate.
In the SNI Advanced Configuration panel, click Edit.
In the TLS Protocol Versions options, ensure that either of the following options are selected:
Enable all TLS versions.
Disable specific TLS versions. If you enable this, select each version you want left out, but ensure that TLS 1.3 is deselected.
If you made a change here, click Submit. If you didn't need to change anything, click Cancel.
Add the behavior and set the Enable slider to On. You can add it to these rules in your property:
You can only have one instance of the HTTP/3 behavior in your property.
- The Default Rule. All requests processed by this property will support HTTP/3 for transfer.
- A custom rule. You can add it in a custom rule, but you need to use specific match criteria:
Include one or more hostnames that have been set up to use a compatible certificate, as discussed above. All requests that use the hostnames will use HTTP/3 for transfer.
Set a percentage of the HTTP/3 requests that should be honored. This is considered a temporary implementation. For example, you could initially use these match criteria to limit HTTP/3 traffic to test it, or if you're looking to slowly roll out support. Then, you could progressively edit your property to increase this percentage.
Hostname and Percentage of Clients
Combine the two options into a single rule: Include one or more hostnames that have been set up to use a compatible certificate and set a percentage of the HTTP/3 requests to be honored.
When you include the HTTP/3 behavior, an Alternative Services (Alt-Svc) header is automatically generated for requests. The header presets a max-age (
ma) of 93600 seconds. You can change it by adding the Alt-Svc Header behavior to a rule in your property.
Consider the following points when adding HTTP/3:
The HTTP/3 behavior isn't compatible with some security products. If you're using any of these Akamai products in your delivery configuration, you can't include the HTTP/3 behavior in your property:
- Account Protector.
- Bot Manager Premier. By default, Bot Manager Premier uses TLS fingerprinting when detecting keys, and a TLS fingerprint isn't generated for HTTP/3 traffic. If you use Bot Manager Premier and you'd like to test HTTP/3 in your environment, talk to your Akamai account team.
Keep HTTP/2. If you want to accept HTTP/2 requests, the HTTP/2 behavior needs to be in your property. HTTP/3 does not replace HTTP/2.
HTTP/3 supports connection reuse. This lets a requesting client use an open connection for any domain included in your certificate, even if that domain points to a different origin. Most browsers will perform a DNS query to ensure there's an overlap in the domain's IP before using the connection. If you’re using multiple certificates—specifically both Standard TLS and Enhanced TLS—don't include the same domain across them. If you do, an HTTP request to the domain that requires Enhanced TLS could be resolved using the less-secure Standard TLS certificate, and vice-versa.
As a best practice, you shouldn’t use the same domain across multiple certificates, regardless if you’re using HTTP/3. This same issue can occur with HTTP/2 Support, because it uses connection reuse, too.
HTTP/3 traffic in other domains in the certificate. If a requesting client doesn’t respect
Alt-Svcheaders and tries HTTP/3 without the HTTP/3 behavior, an HTTP/3 connection will still be opened if the certificate used in the request has QUIC enabled. This will change after beta when HTTP/3 connections will only be possible for domains if the HTTP/3 behavior is enabled in your property.
Adaptive Acceleration's Automatic Server Push isn't supported with HTTP/3. Chromium-based browsers have dropped support for the Server Push functionality that's used by the Adaptive Acceleration feature in your Akamai property. If the connecting protocol is HTTP/3, Adaptive Acceleration will automatically preload the resources (.css, and .js) rather than pushing them. So, there's nothing you need to do. However, when you add the HTTP/3 behavior to your Ion property and you're using Adaptive Acceleration, you'll see a warning message that discusses this.
Zero round trip time (0-RTT) connection resumption is not supported. 0-RTT is an extension of TLS 1.3. It's meant to speed up connections by enabling a client to send data to the server without waiting for a response.
The QUIC Support behavior isn’t supported. If you have this behavior in your property, you’ll see a warning message. This combination will be deprecated soon. Talk to your account representative about your options, including adding the HTTP/3 behavior to your property.
Updated 2 months ago